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When do students learn the 10 times table?
The 10 times table forms part of the Year 2 national curriculum in the UK.
By the end of Year 2, all students should know the 2, 5 and 10 times tables and in June 2021 year 4 students are due to be tested nationally for the first time with something called the “Multiplication Tables Check” (here’s a link to a lot of information on the MTC).
In the following years, students will use this knowledge to approach problems in geometry, fractions, and of course in more difficult multiplication problems.
What do students need to know before learning the 10 times table?
Before learning their 10 times table, students should know:
- How to add 10 to any number (for year 1 students)
- The concept of multiplication (i.e. 3 groups of 9 objects)
- The 1 and 2 times table.
How are times tables taught in schools now?
Learning the time’s tables is one of the many things that people remember from their school years and those that know them off by heart will confidently show that.
Years ago, the times tables were chanted and repeated so students would memorise them all. However, now teachers spend a lot of time making times tables fun to learn using games, songs and dance or involving other subjects. Worksheets are also used however the main focus is on understanding the times tables to memorise them more naturally.
Multiplication is a key element in our education. Through practise, it gives us better motor and memory skills which in the future will aid us in our career or everyday life.
Times Table Facts
Remember that there are only 12 x 12 (144) maths facts to learn for the national curriculum. It sounds daunting but by breaking it up into twelve sessions you can ensure your students enjoy learning the times tables.
All answers in the ten times table end with a zero.
You can use multiplications to make long sums easier, for example: 3+3+3+3+3+3 = 18 = 3 x 6 = 18.
Regular practice with Times Tables with Emile will lead to all your students wanting to practice them and knowing all their times tables in no time at all.
10 Times Table Videos for your Classroom
Our top two 10 times table tricks
The 10 Times Table Trick No 1
This trick is based on the fact that with the 10 times table you are simply adding in tens.
So, 10 x 2 = 10 + 10 = 20.
What all of this means is that to find out what 10 times a number is:
- first, look at the number you are multiplying it by
- then add as many tens as the multiplier.
So to find out 10 x 10 = ?
- Identify the number you are multiplying (10)
- You write down 10, ten times then add them all together.
- Your answer should be 100.
Similarly to find out 23 x 10 = ?
- Identify the number you are multiplying (23)
- Write down 10, 23 times then add them up.
- Your answer should be 230.
This might seem like a really long way to get used to multiplications however we believe it is easier than simply adding a 0 to the multiplier as this trick only works with whole numbers. Adding them all together and drawing out the multiplication allows students to exercise their planning and mental skills.
The 10 Times Table Trick No 2
This trick can be used when decimals are shown in the equation. This is incredibly useful as it can come up in later life such as when spending money or working out time schedules.
So, take for example 0.003 x 10 = 0.03
The trick is to remove the zero next to the decimal point.
0.003 is shown in the decimal table as such:
Therefore, if we are multiplying by ten we need to remove the zero.
0.025 x 10 = 0.25.
10 Times Table Games & Activities
Get them to Work it Out!
Give students manipulatives such as buttons, or any other small but safe objects.
As they will eventually need 120 manipulatives, it may mean working in groups and getting creative. The perfect opportunity to exercise teamwork skills.
Get them in their groups to write down the ten times table up to 12 x 10. Then check with adjacent groups.
Hopefully, this exploration of the 10 times table will help embed their understanding of what the 10 times table is.
View and Read Aloud
Work through their results as a class. Ask if anyone can see any patterns. You can also create songs that help students remember.
Ten Times Table Grid
Ask students to complete an empty multiplication grid. It is quite a useful exercise in itself to see where some students are struggling.
The grid could be selectively empty in the 10th row or column.
It can also be useful to remind children that they can reverse the order of a multiplication to make it an easier calculation.
You can download our free editable multiplication grid here.
Ten Times Tables Worksheet
Enjoy our free worksheet for free. You can download it by pressing the button below.
To enjoy more resources why don’t you request a trial for our Emile Learning app where you can find learning based games that aid students learning.